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   Research, Development & Deployment

 

One of the major objectives of PCRA is “To promote Research, Development and Deployment efforts aimed at petroleum conservation and environment protection, support and facilitate efforts aimed at petroleum conservation and environment protection, support and facilitate efforts for adoption and dissemination of fuel efficient technologies and substitution of petroleum products with alternate fuels, and renewable. Also to establish synergistic institutional linkages at the national & international levels in the areas of petroleum conservation and environment protection”.

 
Q : What are the various activities carried out by PCRA?
A : The various R & D activities carried out by PCRA are as under:
  • To invite and sponsor Research and Development projects on prestigious Research Institution, Technical Institutions, CSIR Laboratories etc. primarily aimed at petroleum conservation and environmental protection through development of fuel efficient technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. in different sectors of economy viz. industrial, transport, agriculture and domestic. On successful completion of R & D projects, PCRA helps in commercializing the technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. through technology transfer to interested entrepreneurs.

  • To undertake evaluation of additives/devices for assessing their potential to show cost effective fuel economy and emissions reduction on petrol/diesel engine driven vehicles. On satisfactory completion of laboratory evaluation, the additives/devices are recommended for extensive field trials in association with engine/vehicle manufacturers and oil companies to establish actual fuel economy when the product is being used by final beneficiaries. If the additive/device shows cost effective fuel economy and emission reduction during lab tests also the same is approved for commercialization.

  • To submit annual returns for PCRA activities to Ministry of Science & Technology for approval as a scientific and industrial research organization.

  • To obtain income tax exemption for any grants, aid received by PCRA from any outside agency.

  • To participate in meetings of BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Sectional Committees for review/updation of various BIS standards for oil and gas burning appliances, petroleum products and lubricants etc.

  • To promote inter fuel substitution: Substitution of petroleum products with non-petroleum products and promotion of renewable sources of energy.

  • To set up a Special Project Division for bringing awareness on global perspective of energy conservation and developing strategies for making PCRA a global player in promoting energy conservation & reduction in green house gases.
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Q : What are the various Methodology used by PCRA?
A : In order to encourage R & D efforts for development of fuel-efficient technologies, processes, equipment's, appliances etc. PCRA invites and sponsors R & D projects on various R & D establishments, CSIR Laboratories & Technical Institutions etc. primarily aimed at conservation of petroleum products and environmental protection. For this purpose the following methodology is adopted:
  • PCRA gives two nos. of advertisement per year in leading newspapers of India for inviting R & D project proposals from prestigious research institutions in the country for developing energy efficient technology/processes, equipment's, appliances etc. which help in conservation of petroleum products and reduction in environmental pollution.

  • Detailed information about the project proposals submitted by various parties is obtained from project developer through filled in standard questionnaire and information about earlier work done on the project. PCRA also assists the project developers to prepare a sound project proposal.

  • The project proposals are reviewed by Screening Committee of PCRA which is chaired by Executive Director of PCRA and has members from MOP&NG, Member Research Labs, CHD and Ministry of Science and Technology. The project developers make detailed presentation about their project proposals to the Screening Committee of PCRA during its quarterly meetings. If the project appears to be having scope for saving of petroleum products/reduction in environment pollution and has a scope for commercialization the Screening Committee may recommend the same for approval by Executive Committee of PCRA.

  • The Executive Committee of PCRA also reviews the final project proposals and may accord approval including financial implication for sponsorship of the project.

  • For the approved R & D Projects a Memorandum of Understanding containing terms and conditions of the project is signed between PCRA and project developer after which the project is sponsored on the project proposals.

  • The project developer is required to submit the quarterly progress reports along with expenditure statements, which are reviewed by Screening Committee of PCRA. PCRA official also occasionally visit the labs of approval projects to monitor the progress of the project.

  • After completion of the project the project developer submits a draft project report. The same is reviewed by Screening Committee of PCRA and their comments are conveyed to project developer for incorporating the same in the final project report. The final project report is again reviewed/approved by Screening Committee of PCRA. Thereafter the same is also put before Executive Committee of PCRA for approval.

  • After completion of the project the project developer is required to arrange approval of technology / equipment /appliances from appropriate authorities like BIS/Pollution Control Boards etc.

  • The intellectual property i.e. know-how /process, design/technique generated in the project shall be jointly owned by PCRA and the project developer. In case a patent is to be obtained he project developer will file a patent application in the name of project developer and PCRA. The cost for the same will be shared equally by PCRA and project developer.

  • PCRA will help the project developer to transfer the technology to interested entrepreneur for commercialization of the technology/ equipment/ appliance at a fee to be mutually decided by PCRA and the project developer. The benefits accrued from such transfer of technology will be shared equally between PCRA and project developer.
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